If you have been following my posts you have probably realized though concerned with the evolution of hominids my primary focus is on the origins of Homo sapiens. When did the current human form become distinguishable from its ancestors and related species? What specific features can we find that separate us from these closely related species?
A recent discovery of two very well preserved fossils in South Africa has caused a flourish of activity in the study of early hominin evolution. Much literature has been produced, since the unearthing in 2010, on the two skeletons found in dolomite caves near Johannesburg; these caves have accumulated sediments for the last three million years and currently provided the oldest uncontested ancestor of the Homo genus in Africa at 1.977 T 0.002 million years ago (Pickering et al., 2011).