Geos 111: Clash of the Elements – Volcano Eruptions in the Deep Ocean

We are all familiar with volcanic eruptions, from the fiery lava belched from the underbelly of Hawaii, to the large and terrifying explosive, ash eruptions like the Mount Saint Helens eruption of 1980. However, did you know that submarine eruptions account for about three-quarters of all of Earth’s volcanism ? The ocean floor is full of the cracks, or plate boundaries, that help the Earth to release some of its’ pent-up heat, hence underwater volcanoes.

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GEOS 111: India’s Coal Projects in Strong Contradiction of Environmental Wellness

India, which has the world’s fifth largest coal reserves, is currently in a divided state between economic growth, energy, and utility’s prices against the viability of of long term environmental health.  Having one the fastest developing economies and industrial and manufacturing sections, India is high demand for energy and with coal being so ubiquitous in the country, many officials strongly oppose recent environmental regulation, which banned the mining of 203 different coal mines.  

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